May 16, 2021 / Source: The Bizz USA
By Malita Zara Ali ; Edited by Adya Kumar
*Trigger Warning*: This article mentions rape and torture. Please do not read if you are sensitive to these topics.*
Autonomous Region (XUAR). This predominantly Muslim population have their own language similar to Turkish andare ethnically affiliated with Central and Eastern Asian nations.
The Uyghur Genocide is an ongoing series of human rights abuse penetrated by the Chinese government towards the Uyghur people and other religious groups in and around. Since 2014, under the direction of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), General Secretary Xi Jinping has pursued policies leading to over a million Muslims being held in internment camps. The Uyghur genocide has become the greatest ethnic detention since the European Jews Holocaust in 1945.
In 2018, research by the BBC revealed up to half a million people were being forced to pick cotton. There is evidence that new factories have been built within the grounds of the “re-education camp”. Leaked documents known as “China's Cable”made clear that the camps were actually high security prisons with strict discipline and punishments. Those who have escaped these camps have reported physical, mental and sexual torture –women have spoken of mass rape and sexual abuse.
Over a thousand mosques have been demolished, and reports have been made that China has been forcibly mass sterilizing the Uyghur women population, separating children from their families, and sending thousands of children to boarding school. Governments, activists, independent NGOs, human rights experts, academics, government officials and the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile callit a genocide due to the concentration of Uyghurs in state-sponsored internment camps, suppression of Uyghur practices, and ill-treatment such as abortion and infanticides.
Several countries including US, Canada and the Netherland’s have also accused China of committing genocide. A UN human rights committee in 2018 said they had credible reports the Chinese were holding up to a million people in "counter-extremism centers'' in Xinjiang. In 2020, the Australian Strategic Policy Institute found evidence that more than 380 of these “re-education camps” in Xinjiang.
The United Nations issued a letter to the UN Human Rights Council to condemn China's policies towards the Uyghur people, in 2020. In December, the International Criminal Court declined to take action or conduct an investigation against China due to not having jurisdiction over China. On January 9th 2021, the United States was the first country to declare this human rights abuse as a genocide. Canada’s house of commons and the Dutch parliament passed a non-binding motion recognizing chains action as a genocide in February 2021.
In April 2021 the British MP Nusrat Ghan unanimously passed a non-binding motion, one of the five members of parliament was targeted by Chinese sanctions last month, which was approved in the House of Commons following a three-hour debate. “This is a historic moment,” said former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith after the motion had been carried. “Even though the government maintains that only a court can determine genocide, parliament has chosen to disregard that and vote itself. This puts the UK parliament in line with Holland, Canada and the US.” These non-binding motions send a clear signal that the international community is united in its condemnation of China’s actions.